Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Ras Shamra Tablet Inventory at OCHRE

Ras Shamra Tablet Inventory
RS 2.004, Aqhatu 1
The Ras Shamra Tablet Inventory (RSTI) aspires to be the foremost online resource for Ugarit Studies. From the celebrated myths to the more quotidian administrative lists, the texts from Ras Shamra-Ugarit are of great interest to students and scholars of Biblical studies and Ancient Near Eastern studies. These ancient texts, discovered by archaeologists beginning in 1929, provide insight into the religious, administrative, and daily life of the kingdom of Ugarit, some 3,200 years after its fall. After over 80 years of Ugarit studies, researchers like those at the Oriental Institute are still establishing reliable text editions of the thousands of texts. Printed volumes are an inadequate solution. The field needs an innovative, collaborate, and ambitious solution. The primary goal of RSTI is to integrate archaeological, textual, lexical, and philological research in a single database and present this data to researchers and the public through a simple, widely accessible, online digital interface.

This project builds on many years of research, including research from a pre-digital age. In 1978, Pierre Bordreuil and Dennis Pardee set out to document critical information about every inscribed object from Ras Shamra-Ugarit. In 1989, “La Trouvaille Epigraphique de l’Ougarit” (TEO) appeared in the series Ras Shamra-Ougarit, volume 5 (Éditions Recherche sur les civilisations, volume 86). This volume presents the archaeological context of every inscribed object, a description of the object size and type of writing, museum numbers, publications, text editions, and general remarks. Of course, the printed volume lacks information about the objects discovered after 1988. During his doctoral research, Prosser endeavored to create a relational database that included digitized TEO data, text transcriptions, translations, glossaries, bibliographic references, and notes. This database functioned well but was very limited. Through his work at the Persepolis Fortification Archive project at the Oriental Institute, Prosser became familiar with the OCHRE database system and immediately perceived its superiority for archaeological and philological analysis. See below for more on the OCHRE database system. Work began on RSTI in 2011, importing data from Prosser’s relational database and adding new data.

Deployed through both Java and familiar HTML user interfaces, RSTI presents dynamic and interactive text editions, prosopography research, bibliography, and related resources. RSTI uses the Online Cultural and Historical Research Environment (OCHRE) at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. The OCHRE database system was developed specifically for research in archaeology and philology. The underlying data model is well-suited to the heterogeneous and semi-structured nature of philological data. For more about the OCHRE database, see


OCHRE Data Service Publications

OCHRE Data Service Publications
OCHRE is an online service available to anyone who wishes to use it for a legitimate academic purpose. Although it is a centralized database, OCHRE does not present itself as a single, anonymous authority. All data are organized according to "projects" conducted by one or more researchers. Any number of projects can join OCHRE and add their data to the database

OCHRE Resources

OCHRE: An Online Cultural and Historical Research Environment by J. David Schloen and Sandra R. Schloen, Eisenbrauns, 2012
The OCHRE Wiki, maintained by Miller C. Prosser and Sandra R. Schloen

Related Articles

Two Perspectives on the Digital Humanities with Steven Rings and David Schloen, Tableau: the magazine of the Division of the Humanities at the University of Chicago, Spring 2016
Ancient Civilizations, Modern Computation by Benjamin Recchie, Research Computing Center, University of Chicago, March 2016
Back, and to the Future by Elizabeth Station, Tableau: the magazine of the Division of the Humanities at the University of Chicago, Spring 2014
Digital Dig by Elizabeth Station, Tableau: the magazine of the Division of the Humanities at the University of Chicago, Spring 2014
Beyond Gutenberg: Transcending the Document Paradigm in Digital Humanities by David Schloen and Sandra Schloen, Digital Humanities Quarterly 2014: v8 n4
Data Integration Without Taxation: A Revolutionary Approach to Collaboration by Sandra R. Schloen, ASOR blog, December 13, 2013


OCHRE Data Service: State of the Service 2013 by Miller C. Prosser and Sandra R. Schloen, January 10, 2014

Posters and Brochures

Rhapsody in Green, Database Variations on a Theme; CAA Siena session, April 2015
OCHRE Data Service; Mind Bytes Expo and Symposium, October 2014
OCHRE; exhibit poster ASOR 2016
GEOchre; tri-fold brochure 2016

The Ancient World in JSTOR

This is the full list of journals in JSTOR with substantial focus on the Ancient World.

[Originally posted 6/24/09. Most recently updated 20 September 2017]

JSTOR is not open access, but many will have access to it through institutional licenses.  JSTOR also offers a free limited-reading option, Register & Read, for those without institutional access, and has lanched JPASS - a monthly or annual pass that provides access to 1,500 journals from JSTOR's archive collection. For open access journals dealing with antiquity, See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies.

The African Access Initiative eliminates archival journal fees on JSTOR across all of Africa. All not-for-profit institutions in Africa are eligible to participate, including colleges, universities, secondary schools, government and non-profit organizations, and museums.

Eligible institutions receive unlimited free access to all archival journal content on JSTOR. This includes more than twenty archival journal collections, as well as JSTOR’s four primary source collections.

And see also Open Access Early Journal Content In JSTOR

266 titles

      Tuesday, September 19, 2017

      Open Access Monograph Series: Schweich Lectures on Biblical Archaeology

      [First posted in AWOL 2 June 2014, updated 19 September 2017]

      Schweich Lectures on Biblical Archaeology
      On-line Resource S.R. Driver [1846-1914], Modern Research as illustrating the Bible. The Schweich Lectures 1908. London: Oxford University Press, 1909. Hbk. pp. 95. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource Robert H Kennett [1864-1932], The Composition of the Book of Isaiah in the Light of History and Archaeology. The Schweich Lectures 1909. London: Oxford University Press, 1910. Hbk. pp.94. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource George Adam Smith [1856-1942], The Early Poetry of Israel in its Physical and Social Origins. The Schweich Lectures 1910. London: Oxford Unversity Press, 1912. Hbk. pp.102. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      Book or monograph R A Stewart Macalister [1870-1950], The Philistines: Their History and Civilization.
      On-line Resource C.H.W. Johns [1857-1920], The Relations between the Laws of Babylonia and the Laws of the Hebrew Peoples. The Schweich Lectures 1912. London: Oxford University Press, 1914. Hbk. pp.96. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource F. Crawford Burkitt [1864-1935], Jewish and Christian Apocalypses. The Schweich Lectures 1913. London: Oxford University Press, 1914. Hbk. pp.80. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource A. van Hoonacker [1857-1933], Une Communauté Judéo-Araméenne à Éléphantine, en Égypte, aux VIe et Ve Siècles av. J.-C. The Schweich Lectures for 1914. London: Oxford Univesity Press, 1915. Hbk. pp.91. Article in French [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource Édouard Naville [1844-1926], The Text of the Old Testament. The Schweich Lectures 1915. London: Oxford University Press, 1916. Hbk. pp.82. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource Leonard W King [1869-1919], Legends of Babylon and Egypt in relation to Hebrew Tradition. The Schweich Lectures 1916. London: Oxford University Press, 1918. Hbk. pp.155. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource C.F. Burney [1868-1925], Israel’s Settlement in Canaan: The Biblical Tradition and its Historical Background. The Schweich Lectures 1917. London: Oxford University Press, 1919. Hbk. pp.104. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource A E Cowley [1861-1931], The Hittites. The Schweich Lectures for 1918. London: Oxford University Press, 1920. Hbk. pp.94. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource R.H. Charles [1855–1931], Lectures on the Apocalypse. The Schweich Lectures 1919. London: Oxford University Press, 1922. Hbk. pp.80. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource H. St John Thackeray [1869-1930], The Septuagint and Jewish Worship: A Study in Origins. The Schweich Lectures 1920. London: Oxford University Press, 1921. Hbk. pp.143. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource D.S. Margoliouth [1858-1940], The Relations between Arabs and Israelites prior to the Rise of Islam. The Schweich Lectures 1921. London: Oxford University Press, 1924. Hbk. pp.87. This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource Israel Abrahams [1858-1925], Campaigns in Palestine from Alexander the Great. Schweich Lectures 1922. London: Oxford University Press, 1927. Hbk. pp.55. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource Moses Gaster [1856-1939], The Samaritans: Their History, Doctrines and Literature. The Schweich Lectures 1923. London: Oxford Univesity Press, 1925. Hbk. pp.208. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource David George Hogarth [1862-1927], Kings of the Hittites. The Schweich Lectures 1924. London: Oxford University Press, 1926. Hbk. pp.67. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      Book or monograph Stanley A Cook [1873-1949], The Religion of Ancient Palestine in the Light of Archaeology.
      Book or monograph Theodore H Robinson [1881-1964], J W Hunkin [1887-1950] & F C Burkitt [1864-1935], Palestine in General History.
      On-line Resource Montague Rhodes James [1862-1936], The Apocalypse in Art. The Schweich Lectures 1927. London: Oxford University Press, 1931. Hbk. pp. 115. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource Thomas W Arnold [1864-1930], The Old and New Testaments in Muslim Religious Art. The Schweich Lectures 1928. London: Oxford University Press, 1932. Hbk. pp.47. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      On-line Resource T. Eric Peet [1882-1934], A Comparative Study of the Literatures of Egypt, Palestine, and Mesopotamia: Egypt’s Contribution to the Literature of the Ancient World. The Schweich Lectures 1929. London: Oxford University Press, 1931. Hbk. 136. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      Book or monograph E L Sukenik [1889-1953], Ancient Synagogues in Palestine and Greece.
      On-line Resource R.H. Kennett [1864-1932], Ancient Hebrew Social Life and Custom as Indicated in Law, Narrative and Metaphor. The Schweich Lectures of the British Academy 1931. London: Oxford University Press, 1933. Hbk. pp.114. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      Book or monograph Frederic G Kenyon [1863-1952], Recent Developments in the Textual Criticism of the Greek Bible.
      On-line Resource Stephen H. Langdon [1876-1937], Babylonian Menologies and the Semitic Calendars. The Schweich Lectures of the British Academy 1933. London: Oxford University Press, 1935. Hbk. pp.169.View in PDF format pdf [This material is in the Public Domain]
      Book or monograph Ernst E Herzfeld [1879-1948], Archaeological History of Iran.
      Book or monograph S H Hooke [1874-1968], The Origins of Early Semitic Ritual.
      Book or monograph Claude F A Schaeffer [1898-1982], The Cuneiform Texts of Ras Shamra-Ugarit.
      Book or monograph J W Crowfoot [1873-1959], Early Churches in Palestine.
      On-line Resource Adam C. Welch [1864-1943], The Work of the Chronicler: Its Purpose and Its Date. The Schweich Lectures of the British Academy 1938. London: Oxford University Press, 1939. Hbk. 163. [This material is in the Public Domain]
      Book or monograph Jacob Leveen [1891-1980], The Hebrew Bible in Art.
      Book or monograph Sidney Smith [1889-?], Isaiah Chapters XL–LV: Literary Criticism and History.
      Book or monograph Paul E Kahle [1885-1964], The Cairo Geniza.
      Book or monograph Wilfred Knox [1886-1950], Some Hellenistic Elements in Primitive Christianity.
      Book or monograph William Barron Stevenson, The Poem of Job: A Literary Study with a New Translation.
      Book or monograph G R Driver, Semitic Writing, from Pictograph to Alphabet.
      Book or monograph C J Gadd, Ideas of Divine Rule in the Ancient East.
      Book or monograph G Zuntz, The Text of the Epistles: A Disquisition upon the Corpus Paulinum.
      Book or monograph H H Rowley, From Joseph to Joshua: Biblical Traditions in the Light of Archaeology.
      Book or monograph Roland de Vaux, L’Archéologie et les Manuscrits de la Mer Morte.
      Book or monograph Kathleen M Kenyon, Amorites and Canaanites.
      Book or monograph Edward Ullendorff, Ethiopia and the Bible.
      Book or monograph Yigael Yadin, Hazor.
      Book or monograph Charles Coüasnon, The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.
      Book or monograph O.R. Gurney, Some Aspects of Hittite Religion.
      Book or monograph Colin H Roberts, Manuscript, Society and Belief in Early Christian Egypt.
      Book or monograph D.J. Wiseman, Nebuchadrezzar and Babylon.
      Book or monograph Abraham Malamat, Mari and the Early Israelite Experience.
      Book or monograph James Barr, The Variable Spellings of the Hebrew Bible.
      Book or monograph Michael A Knibb, Translating the Bible: The Ethiopic Version of the Old Testament.
      Book or monograph Othmar Keel, Symbol Systems of Ancient Palestine, in the light of Scarabs and Similar Seal-amulets
      Book or monograph P R S Moorey, Idols of the People: Miniature Images of Clay in the Ancient Near East.
      Book or monograph Lawrence Stager, Ashkelon, Seaport of the Canaanites and the Philistines.
      Book or monograph Dennis G Pardee, Ugaritic and the Beginnings of the West-Semitic Literary Tradition.
      Book or monograph Graham Davies, Archaeology and the Bible: A Broken Link?
      Book or monograph Fergus Millar, Religion and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Mahomet.
      Book or monograph André Lemaire, Levantine Epigraphy and History in the Achaemenid Period.